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Quraish Ghadiali, Orly Gal-Or, Rosa Dolz-Marco, Michael Engelbert; Association of axial length and cortical vitreous morphology as assessed by swept source optical coherence tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(8):1304.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Axial length measurements have been correlated with different ocular diseases yet our understanding of axial length’s effects on the vitreoretinal interface is limited. Using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), we retrospectively analyzed structural features of the posterior vitreous and its correlation with axial length.
SS-OCT scans were acquired as described previously1 and analyzed according to five grading criteria as follows:1) Vitreous degeneration describing the premacular bursa and its relationship to anterior lacunae and degenerative cleavage planes1.2) Posterior hyaloid status with respect to its vitreofoveal and vitreopapillary adhesions2.3) Directionality of vitreous fibers with respect to optically empty vitreous spaces.4) Qualitative assessment of cortical vitreous reflectivity as follows: not observable, homogenous, optically empty, laminated, heterogenous.5) Presence of vitreous cisterns or lacunae.
Sixty-four eyes of 32 subjects with mean age 40.7 ± 14.2 years were examined. Average axial length was 25.6 ± 2.4 mm. There was no statistical correlation of axial length with grading of vitreous degeneration (p=0.109), posterior hyaloid status (p=0.097), directionality of vitreous fibers (p=0.936), or presence of vitreous cisterns/lacunae (p=0.839). There were, however, significantly higher levels of laminated reflectivity noted in eyes with longer axial lengths (figure 1) (p=0.041).
Increasing axial length correlated with laminated reflectivity of the cortical vitreous in this study, indicating possible stretch-induced cleavage causing multiple planes within the vitreous cortex. This may be a precursor of vitreoschisis and myopic traction maculopathy. It may have surgical implications in vitrectomy as removal of an anterior cleavage plane may falsely suggest vitreous detachment while adherent posterior lamellae may persist. Future imaging studies and correlation with intra-operative OCT may increase our understanding of this novel finding.1. Schaal et al. 2014. PMID:24507856; 2. Johnson. 2010. PMID:20172065
This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Baltimore, MD, May 7-11, 2017.
Figure 1: Laminated reflectivity of cortical vitreous in an eye with axial length of 25.31mm.
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