June 2017
Volume 58, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2017
DRY EYE DISEASE PREVALENCE IN EMPLOYERS OF TWO HEALTH SERVICE INSTITUTIONS IN BOGOTA COLOMBIA
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Sergio Antonio Arrascue
    Escuela Superior de Oftalmología, Bogota, Colombia
  • Andrés Felipe Polit
    Escuela Superior de Oftalmología, Bogota, Colombia
  • Juanita Carvajal
    Escuela Superior de Oftalmología, Bogota, Colombia
  • Sandra Talero
    Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario de La Samaritana, Bogota, Colombia
  • Clara Lopez
    Escuela Superior de Oftalmología, Bogota, Colombia
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Sergio Arrascue, None; Andrés Polit, None; Juanita Carvajal, None; Sandra Talero, None; Clara Lopez, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  Barraquer Clinic Of America Superior High School, Colombian Association of Cornea and Refractive Surgery
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2017, Vol.58, 496. doi:
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      Sergio Antonio Arrascue, Andrés Felipe Polit, Juanita Carvajal, Sandra Talero, Clara Lopez; DRY EYE DISEASE PREVALENCE IN EMPLOYERS OF TWO HEALTH SERVICE INSTITUTIONS IN BOGOTA COLOMBIA. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(8):496.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To find the prevalence of dry eye disease in employers of two Health service institutions

Methods : Transversal descriptive study of 307 patients from two diferent Health service institutions in Bogota D.C. The Barraquer Clinic and the Samaritana University Hospital, between June and december of 2015. The participants had inform consent for the Schimer and BUT test. Symptoms and signs were registered during the ophthalmoscopic exam.

Results : The average age of the patients was 40 +/- 12 años (R: 18 – 65), 73.3% were females and 26.7% males.

The prevalence of dry eye was 64.2% (n = 197), in the Samaritan Hospital was 56.3% and in Barraquer Clinic was 71.8% (p = 0.005). The presence of dry eye had a higher proportion in participants under 29 years (32%), the prevalence in woman was 67.1% and in men was 56.1% (p=0.07). The 54.9% of participants with dry eye had demodicosis Vs no demodicosis in 41.5% (p=0.006) and a association with blepharitis in 60.2% Vs no blepharitis in 39.8% (p=0.025). According to the work position of de employees la frequency of dry eye was in analysts (87.5%), secretaries (76.5%), auxiliarys (64.2%), health workers (62.1%) and general workers (50%).

In relation to the symptoms, the most relevant symptoms were erythema in the palpebral borders: dry eye (61.1%) vs no dry eye (38.9%) (p=0.006). Telangiectasis in cheecks or nose: dry eye (61.3%) Vs no dry eye (38.9%) (p=0.025). Ocular hyperemia: Dry eye (48.9%) Vs no dry eye (51.1%) (p=0.03).

Conclusions : The two institutions had a high prevalence of dry eye, specially in woman and in patients under 30 years. A high frequency of dry eye asociated with blepharitis and demodicosis. The employees with a high prevalence of dry eye disease were analyst.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Baltimore, MD, May 7-11, 2017.

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