June 2017
Volume 58, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2017
Face memory deficits in subjects with eye diseases: a comparative analysis between glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration patients from a developing country.
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Livia Scarpat Mazzoli
    Oftalmologia, Santa Casa de São Paulo, Sao paulo, Brazil
  • Niro Kasahara
    Oftalmologia, Santa Casa de São Paulo, Sao paulo, Brazil
  • Carla nagamine Urata
    Oftalmologia, Santa Casa de São Paulo, Sao paulo, Brazil
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Livia Mazzoli, None; Niro Kasahara, None; Carla Urata, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  none
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2017, Vol.58, 1340. doi:
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      Livia Scarpat Mazzoli, Niro Kasahara, Carla nagamine Urata; Face memory deficits in subjects with eye diseases: a comparative analysis between glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration patients from a developing country.. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(8):1340.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Elders present significant declines in face recognition with age. Spatial vision (high-contrast acuity) and age are the best predictors of face recognition. Visual disabilities are more common in the older population due to ageing eye diseases. In order to compare the face recognition memory deficit between glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) patients from a developing country, we undertook a cross-sectional, observational study.

Methods : The sample comprised 64 patients with primary open angle glaucoma, 56 with ARMD and 52 controls. All groups were matched for age, gender, comorbidity, and ethnic distribution. Senile dementia was ruled out and subjects with even mild cognitive impairment were not included in the study. After a complete eye examination including measurement of best-corrected visual acuity, eye fundus evaluation, and automated visual field, all subjects underwent the Cambridge face memory test (CFMT). CFMT (%) was the main outcome measure and data was compared with ANOVA.

Results : The mean age was 66.6 ± 9.2, 69.8 ± 9.3, and 63.4 ± 7.3 years, for glaucoma, ARMD, and controls, respectively (P = 0.152). Gender, ethnicity, and comorbidity were evenly distributed among the groups. The CFMT was 53.3 ± 15.2 %, 49.8 ± 14.2 %, and 62.1 ± 15.9 % for glaucoma, ARMD, and controls, respectively (P < .000).

Conclusions : ARMD patients have higher face recognition memory deficit as compared to glaucoma patients and normal controls. This might be due to a visual disability in addition to the decline in cognitive status.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Baltimore, MD, May 7-11, 2017.

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