June 2017
Volume 58, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2017
AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION CHARACTERISTICS IN THE MULTI-ETHNIC POPULATION OF QUEENS COUNTY
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Ana M Suelves
    New York Medical College, MERSI, Queens, New York, United States
  • Julia P Shulman
    New York Medical College, MERSI, Queens, New York, United States
  • John Elder
    New York Medical College, MERSI, Queens, New York, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Ana Suelves, None; Julia Shulman, None; John Elder, None
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2017, Vol.58, 1512. doi:
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      Ana M Suelves, Julia P Shulman, John Elder; AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION CHARACTERISTICS IN THE MULTI-ETHNIC POPULATION OF QUEENS COUNTY
      . Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(8):1512.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : Variation in the incidence and characteristics of AMD among different ethnic groups have been reported. Most studies have been undertaken in Western populations. We performed a retrospective, observational clinical study to learn about the characteristics of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) in the population of Queens County.

Methods : Fundus images, spectral-domain optical coherence tomography, fluorescein and indocyanine green angiography were performed and graded for early and late ARMD using the modified Wisconsin Age-Related Maculopathy grading system. Demographic and clinical characteristics were included in multivariable regression analysis.

Results : Two-hundred and twenty eight patients were included. The population comprised of fifteen Caucasians (6.57%), 129 Hispanics (56.57%), 35 Blacks (15.35%), 31 Guyanese (13.59%), 18 other ethnicities (7.89%) . The mean patient age was 67.57 (SD=12.41). One hundred and fifty two (66%) females and 76 males (33%). The overall prevalence of ARMD was 0.76% across all ethnic groups. The Caucasian and Guyanese populations had a higher incidence of late ARMD compared to other groups (p=0.011). Caucasians and Hispanics had a greater proportion of subjects diagnosed >65 years old (p=0.009). Black subjects were younger on average (p=0.007).

Conclusions : This is the first report in the literature of ARMD among Guyanese subjects. Moreover, the Guyanese population seems to have a more advanced form of ARMD. The lower prevalence of ARMD in our cohort compared to the nationally reported prevalence in the United States is likely related to the multi-ethnic composition of our cohort.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Baltimore, MD, May 7-11, 2017.

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