June 2017
Volume 58, Issue 8
Open Access
ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract  |   June 2017
Diabetic Choroidopathy: choroidal vessel density and volume in diabetic retinopathy with swept-source optical coherence tomography
Author Affiliations & Notes
  • Jay Wang
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Ines Lains
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Joana Providencia
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Grayson Armstrong
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Katherine E Talcott
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Pedro Gil
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Joao Gil
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Joao Heitor Marques
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Joao Figueira
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light, Coimbra, Portugal
  • Deeba Husain
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Ivana K Kim
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Joan W Miller
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Rufino Silva
    Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal
    Association for Innovation and Biomedical Research on Light, Coimbra, Portugal
  • John B Miller
    Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
  • Footnotes
    Commercial Relationships   Jay Wang, None; Ines Lains, Allergan (R); Joana Providencia, None; Grayson Armstrong, None; Katherine Talcott, None; Pedro Gil, None; Joao Gil, None; Joao Heitor Marques, None; Joao Figueira, None; Deeba Husain, None; Ivana Kim, None; Joan Miller, Alcon (C), Amgen, Inc (C), KalVista Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (C), Maculogix, Inc. (C), ONL Therapeutics, LLC (P), Valeant Pharmaceuticals (P); Rufino Silva, Alcon (C), Alimera (C), Allergan (C), Bayer (C), Novartis (C), THEA (C); John Miller, Allergan (C)
  • Footnotes
    Support  None
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science June 2017, Vol.58, 1657. doi:
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      Jay Wang, Ines Lains, Joana Providencia, Grayson Armstrong, Katherine E Talcott, Pedro Gil, Joao Gil, Joao Heitor Marques, Joao Figueira, Deeba Husain, Ivana K Kim, Joan W Miller, Rufino Silva, John B Miller; Diabetic Choroidopathy: choroidal vessel density and volume in diabetic retinopathy with swept-source optical coherence tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(8):1657.

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      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

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Abstract

Purpose : To compare choroidal vascular density and volume in eyes with different stages of diabetic retinopathy against controls, using en face swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT).

Methods : Multicenter, prospective, cross-sectional study. We recruited diabetic and age-matched non-diabetic subjects. Diabetic eyes were divided into 4 groups: no diabetic retinopathy (No DR), non-proliferative DR (NPDR), NPDR with macular edema (NPDR + DME), and proliferative DR (PDR). All underwent complete ophthalmologic exam and imaging using SS-OCT (3D horizontal volume, 12 mm x 9 mm). En face images of the choroidal vasculature were obtained (using Bruch’s membrane as reference for flattening) and converted to binary images on ImageJ. Choroidal vascular density was then calculated as a percent area occupied by choroidal vessels in the central macular region (a 6-mm diameter circle centered on the fovea) as well as throughout the posterior pole (12 mm x 9 mm scan). Choroidal thickness was also obtained using SS-OCT automated software. The central macular choroidal vascular volume was calculated by multiplying the average choroidal vascular density by macular area and choroidal thickness. Multilevel mixed linear models were performed for analyses.

Results : We included 143 diabetic eyes (n = 27 no DR, n = 47 NPDR, n = 51 NPDR + DME, and n = 18 PDR), and 64 non-diabetic control eyes. Choroidal vascular densities of the central macula were significantly lower in eyes with NPDR + DME (28% ± 6.1%, ß=-0.02, p=0.045) and eyes with PDR (26.4% ± 5.1%, ß= -0.04, p=0.039) compared to controls (30.9% ± 7.2%), even when controlled for age. Similar statistically significant results were also observed for the wider posterior pole images (21.6% ± 3.2%, ß=-0.015, p=0.009 and 20.5% ± 2.2%, ß=-0.023, p=0.006 for NPDR+DME and PDR, respectively, when compared to controls (23.3% ± 3.4%). The central macular choroidal vascular volume was significantly lower in eyes with PDR (0.015 mm3 ± 0.005 mm3, ß = -0.01, p=0.02) compared to control (0.023 mm3 ± 0.01 mm3).

Conclusions : Choroidal vessel density and volume is significantly reduced in more advanced stages of diabetic retinopathy. New imaging modalities should allow us to further explore the contributions of choroidal vessel disease in diabetic eye disease pathogenesis, prognosis, and response to treatment.

This is an abstract that was submitted for the 2017 ARVO Annual Meeting, held in Baltimore, MD, May 7-11, 2017.

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