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Benedicte Lescrauwaet, Elisabetta Miserocchi, Stephan Thurau, Bahram Bodaghi, Luc Duchateau, Thomas Verstraeten, Sunil Srivastava; Association Between Visual Function Response and Reduction of Inflammation in Noninfectious Uveitis of the Posterior Segment. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2017;58(9):3555-3562. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-22049.
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To examine the association between visual function response (VFR) and inflammation reduction in active noninfectious uveitis of the posterior segment (NIU-PS).
Phase 3 SAKURA Study 1 randomized 347 subjects in a double-masked fashion to receive injections of intravitreal sirolimus 44 μg (n = 117); 440 μg (n = 114); or 880 μg (n = 116) every other month. Vitreous haze (VH) response, a measure of inflammation reduction, was defined as a VH score of 0 or 0.5+ at month 5 based on the modified Standardized Uveitis Nomenclature Scale. Visual function was assessed with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and the National Eye Institute (NEI) Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (VFQ-25). In this post-hoc analysis, principal component analysis was used to reduce the information in the multidimensional visual function outcome to a restricted number of independently relevant VFR measures. Minimal clinically important differences (MCID) for the VFQ-25–derived components were based on the standard error of measurements. Overall VFR was defined as either a BCVA improvement of ≥2 lines, or an improvement exceeding the MCID in the VFQ-25 based visual function measures.
The VFQ-25 composite score (VFQCS) and mental health subscale score (VFQMHS) were retained as relevant VFRs, with MCIDs of 4.3 and 11.7 points, respectively. A vitreous haze response was significantly associated with each VFR measure: VFQCS (odds ratio [OR] = 2.23; P = 0.0004); VFQMHS (OR = 2.84; P < 0.0001); BCVA (OR = 2.60; P = 0.0009), and overall VFR (OR = 2.65; P < 0.0001).
Inflammation reduction to a VH score of 0 or 0.5+ was significantly associated with improved visual function. Achieving a VH response of 0 or 0.5+ is a patient-relevant outcome.
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