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Satoru Ueno, Azusa Yoneshige, Yoshiki Koriyama, Man Hagiyama, Yoshikazu Shimomura, Akihiko Ito; Early Gene Expression Profile in Retinal Ganglion Cell Layer After Optic Nerve Crush in Mice. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(1):370-380. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22438.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
Optic nerve crush (ONC) induces retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death, which causes vision loss in glaucoma. To investigate early events leading to apoptosis of RGCs, we performed gene expression analysis of injured retinas in the period before RGC loss.
The temporal changes of gene profiles at 0, 1, and 4 days after ONC were determined by DNA microarray. To verify the gene expression changes in RGCs, we enriched RGCs by laser-captured microdissection and performed real-time RT-PCR of 14 selected genes. In situ localization study was performed by immunohistochemistry.
At 1 day and 4 days after ONC, 1423 and 2010 retinal genes were changed compared with 0 day, respectively; these genes were mainly related to apoptotic process, immune process, regulation of cell cycle, and ion transport. RT-PCR analysis revealed that expression levels of Activating transcription factor 3 (Atf3), Lipocalin 2 (Lcn2), and tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 12a (Tnfrsf12a) were remarkably changed in RGC-enriched fraction within 4 days postcrush. Immunohistochemical analysis confirmed that all of these genes expressed highly in the ganglion cell layer of crushed retinas.
In response to ONC, the expression of apoptotic genes was stimulated soon after crush. Atf3, Lcn2, and Tnfrsf12a might be key molecules responsible for RGC loss in glaucoma.
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