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Reinhard Told, Stefan Sacu, Alexander Hecht, Magdalena Baratsits, Katharina Eibenberger, Maria E. Kroh, Sandra Rezar-Dreindl, Ferdinand G. Schlanitz, Guenther Weigert, Andreas Pollreisz, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth; Comparison of SD-Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography and Indocyanine Green Angiography in Type 1 and 2 Neovascular Age-related Macular Degeneration. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(6):2393-2400. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.17-22902.
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The purpose of this study is to compare the ability of spectral domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD-OCTA) and indocyanine green angiography (ICGA) to detect and measure lesion area in patients with type 1 and 2 choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
Types 1 and 2 neovascular AMD (nAMD) were included in this prospective and observational case series. ETDRS best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), ophthalmic examination with funduscopy, OCTA (AngioVue), fluorescein angiography (FA), ICGA, and OCT (Spectralis) were performed. CNV measurements were done manually by two experienced graders using the systems' innate region selection tools.
Forty eyes of 39 consecutive patients with nAMD were included. Mean age was 77 ± 6.4 years, ETDRS BCVA was 67 ± 13 letters, and 11 eyes were treatment naïve. Nineteen CNV lesions were classified as type 1 and 21 as type 2. ICGA was able to identify CNV in all eyes. By contrast, OCTA detected CNV in 95% of type 1 and 86% of type 2 nAMD eyes. Mean overall CNV area (CNV-A) was 2.8 ± 2.7 mm2 in ICGA and 2.1 ± 2.7 mm2 in OCTA. Both lesion types CNV-A appeared significantly smaller in OCTA compared with ICGA (P < 0.01). Bland-Altman plot revealed a mean difference (bias) between OCTA and ICGA CNV-A of 0.76 ± 1.74 mm2. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) for CNV-A was 0.91 and 0.93 for ICGA and OCTA, respectively. ICGA CNV-A in the four OCTA-negative eyes (median 4.7 mm2) was not significantly different from the 36 OCTA-positive eyes (median 1.7 mm2).
Type 1 and 2 CNV-A were significantly smaller in OCTA than in ICGA. OCTA was generally less successful in detecting CNV than ICGA in patients who were included into this study based on FA and OCT. However, OCTA detected all type 1 lesions except for one, indicating that the SD-OCTA signal is limited by detection limits of blood flow velocity rather than lesion type. Further efforts are needed pushing the limits of lowest detectable and fastest distinguishable flow until OCTA can deliver realistic qualitative and quantitative imaging of type 1 and 2 CNV for diagnosis and monitoring.
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