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Ananya Datta, Fiona Stapleton, Mark D. P. Willcox; Bacterial Coaggregation and Cohesion Among Isolates From Contact Lens Cases. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2018;59(7):2729-2735. doi: 10.1167/iovs.17-23155.
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The aim of this study was to examine cohesion, coaggregation, and coculture between bacteria commonly isolated from contact lens cases.
Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus haemolyticus, Micrococcus luteus, and Acinetobacter radioresistens (two strains each) isolated from contact lens cases of two asymptomatic wearers were used in this study. In the cohesion assay, bacteria were grown, washed, and examined by incubating lens cases with two different types of bacteria sequentially and assessing the number of adhered cells of each isolate. The ability of isolates to interfere with the growth of other isolates was tested by growing strains in cocultures for 24 hours and determining the numbers of cells of individual strains. For coaggregation, equal proportions of two bacterial suspensions were mixed and allowed to coaggregate for 24 hours. Inhibition of coaggregation was tested by the addition of lactose (0.06 M) or sucrose (0.06 M) or pronase.
The initial adhesion of M. luteus or A. radioresistens significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the subsequent adhesion of the staphylococci. The addition of A. radioresistens in liquid media significantly (P < 0.05) enhanced the growth of staphylococci. S. epidermidis or S. haemolyticus coaggregated with M. luteus or A. radioresistens. The degree of coaggregation varied between 30% and 54%. The highest coaggregation (54% ± 5%) was seen between A. radioresistens 22-1 and S. epidermidis 22-1, isolated from the same lens case. Only lactose or sucrose treatment of staphylococci could partly inhibit coaggregation of some pairs.
Coaggregation, cohesion, and growth promotion may facilitate the process of bacterial colonization of contact lens cases.
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