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SJOERD L. BONTING, BERNARD BECKER; Studies on Sodium-Potassium Activated Adenosinetriphosphatase XIV. Inhibition of Enzyme Activity and Aqueous Humor flow in the Rabbit Eye after Intravitreal Injection of Ouabain. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1964;3(5):523-533.
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Ouabain was injected into the vitreous humor of one eye of rabbits in doses of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.5 mcg. Aqueous humor inflow in the injected eye was inhibited significantly 49, 51, and 78 per cent, respectively, in these three dose groups 4 to 5 days after injection. In vitro Na-K activated ATPase activity of the ciliary body was inhibited significantly by 24, 16, and 27 per cent, corresponding to an in vivo enzyme inhibition of 70 per cent at the highest dose level. Within each dose group there was a significant, positive correlation between inhibition of aqueous humor inflow and in vitro Na-K activated ATPase inhibition. There was also close similarity in the change with time of both inhibitions, with maximum effects at 4 to 5 days after injection and return to normal after 20 days. 86Rb accumulation in the ciliary body-iris preparation in vitro was inhibited to the same extent as aqueous inflow and estimated in vivo enzyme inhibition. These observations support the rate-limiting role of ciliary body Na-K activated ATPase in aqueous humor formation via the control of active cation transport.
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