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Arvydas Maminishkis, Stephen Jalickee, Sasha A. Blaug, Jodi Rymer, Benjamin R. Yerxa, Ward M. Peterson, Sheldon S. Miller; The P2Y2 Receptor Agonist INS37217 Stimulates RPE Fluid Transport In Vitro and Retinal Reattachment in Rat. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(11):3555-3566. doi: https://doi.org/.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To investigate the effects of INS37217, a synthetic P2Y2 receptor agonist, on intracellular calcium signaling, electrophysiology, and fluid transport in vitro and on experimentally induced retinal detachment in rat eyes in vivo.
methods. Freshly isolated monolayers of bovine and human fetal RPE were mounted in Ussing chambers for measurements of cytosolic calcium levels ([Ca2+]i), membrane voltages and resistances, and transepithelial fluid transport. Retinal detachments were experimentally produced in Long-Evans rats by injecting modified phosphate-buffered saline into the subretinal space (SRS). Experimental or vehicle solutions were injected into the vitreous, and the size of blebs in the SRS was scored under masked conditions.
results. Addition of INS37217 to Ringer’s solution bathing the apical membrane transiently increased [Ca2+]i, altered membrane voltages and resistances and generally produced responses that were similar in magnitude to those of uridine triphosphate (UTP). In fluid transport experiments performed with the capacitance probe technique, INS37217 significantly increased fluid absorption across freshly isolated bovine and fetal human RPE monolayers. All in vitro results were blocked by apical 4,4′-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2′-disulfonic acid (DIDS), which has been shown to block P2Y2 receptors in the RPE. Intravitreal administration of INS37217, but not UTP, in the rat model of retinal detachment enhanced the removal of SRS fluid and facilitated retinal reattachment when compared with vehicle control.
conclusions. These findings indicate that INS37217 stimulates the RPE fluid “pump” function in vitro by activating P2Y2 receptors at the apical membrane. In vivo INS37217 enhances the rates of subretinal fluid reabsorption in experimentally induced retinal detachments in rats and may be therapeutically useful for treating a variety of retinal diseases that result in fluid accumulation in the subretinal space.
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