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Yoshikuni Nakamura, Shinji Hirano, Katsuyoshi Suzuki, Keisuke Seki, Takeshi Sagara, Teruo Nishida; Signaling Mechanism of TGF-β1–Induced Collagen Contraction Mediated by Bovine Trabecular Meshwork Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(11):3465-3472.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. To characterize the intracellular signaling mechanism that underlies the contraction of trabecular meshwork (TM) tissue.
methods. The contraction of collagen mediated by bovine TM cells was evaluated by measuring changes in the diameter of collagen gels in which the cells were embedded. Changes in the organization of the actin cytoskeleton were examined by laser-scanning confocal microscopy of cells stained with fluorescent phalloidin. Cell motility was monitored by time-lapse video microscopy.
results. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 induced marked TM-cell–mediated contraction of collagen gels in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. Inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC) blocked this effect of TGF-β1, whereas an inhibitor of PKA and -G did not. An inhibitor of the small guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) Rho also inhibited TGF-β1–induced collagen contraction, whereas an activator of Rho promoted this effect of TGF-β1. Furthermore, inhibition either of the release of Ca2+ from internal stores or of the activation of myosin light-chain kinase (MLCK) prevented gel contraction in response to TGF-β1. The effects of these various agents on TGF-β1–induced contraction of collagen gels mediated by TM cells were mirrored by their effects on TGF-β1–induced formation of actin stress fibers, cell spreading (the extension of cellular processes), and cell motility under conditions in which cell contraction was not possible.
conclusions. TGF-β1 induces TM-cell–mediated collagen gel contraction through activation of Rho and the Ca2+-dependent enzymes PKC and MLCK. These same signaling molecules contribute to TGF-β1–induced rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton, cell spreading, and cell motility.
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