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Aimee T. Broman, Beatriz Munoz, Sheila K. West, Jorge Rodriguez, Rosario Sanchez, Robert Snyder, Ronald Klein; Psychometric Properties of the 25-Item NEI-VFQ in a Hispanic Population: Proyecto VER. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2001;42(3):606-613.
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purpose. To assess the psychometric properties of the NEI-VFQ-25 in a
population-based study of older Hispanic persons living in the United
States, explore other demographic factors that affect participant
response, and observe the comparability of the Spanish and English
versions of the instrument.
methods. A sample of randomly selected block groups in Tucson and Nogales,
Arizona, were selected for study. Participants were interviewed at
home; a majority of the interviews were conducted in Spanish. The home
interview included questions from the NEI-VFQ-25 and HHANES. Presenting
acuity was done using ETDRS methodology, followed by a standardized eye
examination by an ophthalmologist. The authors analyzed the internal
consistency of the NEI-VFQ-25 responses using Cronbach’s α
coefficient and the construct validity by assessing the relationship
between presenting acuity and scale scores, adjusting for age and
gender. A second model was also explored to determine whether other
demographic variables affected scale scores; differences in reporting
between the Spanish and English versions was observed in this model,
used in a subset of the population that minimized interviewer effect.
results. Of the 4774 participants in the study, 99.7% had completed
questionnaires, not completed by proxy. The highest nonresponse rate
occurred in the Driving scale, with 25% of participants not driving
for reasons other than problems with vision. Internal consistency was
high, with Cronbach α ranging between 0.65 and 0.86 for scales with
multiple items. Adjusting for age and gender, those with presenting
acuity worse than 20/40 scored significantly lower than those with
presenting acuity 20/40 or better, for all scales. The demographic
variables with the most consistent association across the NEI-VFQ-25
scales were presenting acuity, income, and gender. No significant
differences in reporting were found between the Spanish and English
versions of the questionnaire in the subset of the population.
conclusions. In this study of Hispanic people age 40 years or older, the NEI-VFQ-25
was sensitive to presenting acuity and other demographic variables,
such as age, gender, and income. The findings from this psychometric
analysis provide evidence of the reliability and validity of some of
the scales in the 25-item NEI-VFQ when used among people with a range
of visual acuity level, providing other explanatory variables are also
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