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Ryoji Yanai, Naoyuki Yamada, Naruji Kugimiya, Makoto Inui, Teruo Nishida; Mitogenic and Antiapoptotic Effects of Various Growth Factors on Human Corneal Fibroblasts. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(7):2122-2126.
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purpose. To investigate both the effects of various growth factors on the proliferation of human corneal fibroblasts and the abilities of these factors to protect the cells from apoptosis.
methods. Cultured human corneal fibroblasts were incubated separately with 11 different growth factors whose receptors are expressed by these cells. Cell proliferation was evaluated by measurement of [3H]thymidine incorporation. The activation of the protein kinase Akt, which plays an important role in antiapoptotic signaling, was assessed by immunoblot analysis with antibodies specific for a phosphorylated form of the enzyme. Apoptosis was quantitated by the TdT-mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay.
results. Of the 11 growth factors examined, platelet-derived growth factor, insulin, insulin-like growth factors-1 and -2, and epidermal growth factor, each stimulated the proliferation of corneal fibroblasts, induced the activation of Akt in these cells, and protected them from apoptosis induced by sodium nitroprusside (SNP). Basic fibroblast growth factor, keratinocyte growth factor, nerve growth factor, and hepatocyte growth factor stimulated cell proliferation but did not induce Akt activation or protect the cells from SNP-induced apoptosis. Transforming growth factor-β1 and -β2 did not stimulate proliferation and had no effect on Akt activity or on SNP-induced apoptosis.
conclusions. In terms of their modulatory effects on the proliferation and apoptosis of human corneal fibroblasts, the 11 growth factors examined can be classified into three groups. These growth factors may both contribute to maintenance of the cornea and coordinate the proliferative and apoptotic responses of corneal fibroblasts during corneal wound healing.
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