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Siamak Ansari-Shahrezaei, Michael Stur; Magnification Characteristic of a +90-Diopter Double-Aspheric Fundus Examination Lens. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2002;43(6):1817-1819.
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purpose. To investigate the magnification characteristic of the +90-D double-aspheric fundus examination lens for biomicroscopic measurement of the optic disc.
methods. A calibrated Gullstrand-type model eye adjusted for axial ametropia between −12.5 and +12.6 D was used to measure the change in magnification of the system with refractive error and variation in fundus lens position. A correction factor p (in degrees per millimeter) at different axial ametropias was also calculated.
results. The total change in magnification of the system from myopia to hyperopia was −15.1% to +13.7%. When the fundus lens position was altered with respect to the model eye by ±2 mm under myopic conditions, the change in magnification of the system was −4.8% to +8.1%. In the hyperopic condition the change was −4.8% to +6.0%. The fundus lens exhibited a linear relationship between p and the degree of ametropia of the model eye and a constant relationship between p and ametropia of −5 to +5 D.
conclusions. Axial ametropia has a significant effect on biomicroscopic measurement of the optic disc with the +90-D lens. Therefore, a correction factor (p) was calculated that can be used in calculations for determining true optic disc size. These findings may be important for improving clinical disc biometry.
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