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Konstantin Gugleta, Selim Orgül, Pascal W. Hasler, Thierry Picornell, Doina Gherghel, Josef Flammer; Choroidal Vascular Reaction to Hand-Grip Stress in Subjects with Vasospasm and Its Relevance in Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2003;44(4):1573-1580. doi: 10.1167/iovs.02-0521.
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purpose. To assess the impact of vascular dysregulation on choroidal blood flow response to the hand-grip test and the relevance of this response to glaucoma.
methods. Eighty healthy volunteers underwent a hand-grip test while choroidal blood flow was measured by means of laser Doppler flowmetry. Blood pressure, heart rate, and intraocular pressure (IOP) were monitored. Choroidal blood flow changes were compared between subjects with a positive history of cold hands and control subjects by means of analysis of variance. The relationship of the vascular response to the level of IOP at which progressive damage occurred was analyzed in 21 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma who had progressive damage despite normal or normalized IOP.
results. Blood pressure and heart rate increased and IOP decreased in response to a hand-grip test. Healthy subjects with a positive history of cold hands (n = 36) demonstrated a decrease in choroidal blood flow during the hand-grip test (mean ± SD: 13.5 ± 5.8, 12.2 ± 6.8, and 13.4 ± 6.9 AU, at baseline, during the test, and 3 minutes after release, respectively), whereas control subjects (n = 44) demonstrated an inverse (12.5 ± 8.3, 13.7 ± 9.4, and 11.9 ± 7.1 AU, respectively) response pattern (P = 0.039). Glaucoma patients with a decrease of at least 10% in choroidal blood flow during the hand-grip test had lower IOP (14.67 ± 3.83 and 13.50 ± 2.59 mm Hg in the right and the left eyes, respectively) compared (P = 0.032) with those without such a decrease (16.54 ± 3.85 and 16.92 ± 2.95 mm Hg in the right and the left eyes, respectively).
conclusions. A hand-grip test elicits a different blood flow response in subjects with vasospasm compared with control subjects. Damage by glaucoma in patients with a decrease in choroidal blood flow during a hand-grip test may progress at a relatively lower IOP.
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