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Zong-Mei Bian, Susan G. Elner, Ayako Yoshida, Victor M. Elner; Differential Involvement of Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase/Akt in Human RPE MCP-1 and IL-8 Expression. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(6):1887-1896. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.03-0608.
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purpose. To investigate the role of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway and the signal mediator AP-1 in monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1 and interleukin (IL)-8 gene expression in human retinal pigment epithelial (hRPE) cells.
methods. hRPE cells were stimulated with IL-1β and TNF-α and by coculturing with monocytes in the presence or absence of a series of kinase inhibitors. The induction of MCP-1 and IL-8 protein and mRNA was determined by ELISA and RT-PCR, respectively. Western blot analysis, kinase assays, and electrophoretic mobility shift assays were used to detect the activation of signaling mediators and transcription factors.
results. Concomitant with the induction of chemokine expression by the stimuli, there was phosphorylation of PI3K and its downstream targets—namely, Akt, GSK, and FKHR. Ly294002, a specific inhibitor of PI3K, resulted in time- and dose-dependent blockade of MCP-1 mRNA expression and protein production. The IC50 for inhibition of MCP-1 secretion induced by IL-1β, TNF-α, and hRPE-monocyte binding was 16, 12, and less than 3 μM, respectively. In contrast, Ly294002 did not inhibit the IL-8 expression induced by any of the stimuli. Ly294002 as well as U0126, SB202190, and SP600125, the selective inhibitors of MEK, p38, and JNK, respectively, strongly inhibited induced c-fos expression, whereas Ly294002 did not inhibit induction of MEK, p38, or JNK. Blockade of PI3K/Akt abolished IL-1β–induced nuclear translocation of AP-1, whereas the induction of IκB degradation was unchanged.
conclusions. The Ly294002-sensitive PI3K/Akt pathway regulates MCP-1, but not IL-8 expression in hRPE cells independent of MAPK and IκB. PI3K-dependent induction of hRPE c-fos and AP-1 nuclear translocation may be a target for therapies aimed at modulating MCP-1 in retinal diseases.
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