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Satoko Arai-Gaun, Naomichi Katai, Takanobu Kikuchi, Toru Kurokawa, Kouichi Ohta, Nagahisa Yoshimura; Heme Oxygenase-1 Induced in Müller Cells Plays a Protective Role in Retinal Ischemia–Reperfusion Injury in Rats. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2004;45(11):4226-4232. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-0450.
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purpose. To investigate the protective roles played by heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and -2 in the rat retina after ischemia–reperfusion injury.
methods. Retinal ischemia was induced in rats by increasing the intraocular pressure to 110 mm Hg for 60 minutes. The expression of HO-1 and -2 in the retina was determined by Western blot, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and immunohistochemistry. To inhibit the upregulation of HO-1, short interfering (si)RNA of HO-1 was injected intravitreally before ischemia and that of green fluorescent protein (GFP) was used as the control. Müller cell damage was assessed by counting the number of S-100–positive cells. The number of macrophages invading the retina was determined by counting the number of ED-1–positive cells.
results. The expression of HO-1 mRNA and protein was upregulated at 6 hours after reperfusion and peaked at 12 to 24 hours, whereas that of HO-2 was not altered. HO-1 immunoreactivities were detected in Müller cells at 24 hours after reperfusion, and HO-2 immunoreactivities were detected in retinal cells. The HO-1 expression in the retina treated with siRNA of HO-1 was reduced at 12 and 24 hours after reperfusion compared with that injected with siRNA of GFP. The number of S-100–positive cells at 24 hours after reperfusion decreased significantly in retinas treated with HO-1 siRNA (P < 0.01). The number of macrophages that had infiltrated the retina was increased in retinas pretreated with the siRNA of HO-1 compared with those treated with siRNA of GFP. On day 14 after reperfusion, HO-1 siRNA-treated retinas showed severe retinal injury and destruction of the retinal architecture.
conclusions. HO-1 promotes the survival of Müller cells after ischemia–reperfusion injury. Because inhibition of the upregulation of HO-1 resulted in an infiltration of inflammatory cells and destruction of the retina, the authors conclude that HO-1 induced in Müller cells plays a protective role in retinal ischemia-reperfusion.
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