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Julia Kolodjaschna, Fatmire Berisha, Solveig Lung, Heinrich Schima, Elzbieta Polska, Leopold Schmetterer; Comparison of the Autoregulatory Mechanisms between Middle Cerebral Artery and Ophthalmic Artery after Thigh Cuff Deflation in Healthy Subjects. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2005;46(2):636-640. doi: 10.1167/iovs.04-0717.
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purpose. To compare dynamic autoregulation in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and the ophthalmic artery (OA) after a step decrease in systemic blood pressure.
methods. Eighteen healthy male young subjects were studied. Ultrasound parameters and systemic blood pressures were recorded in each subject before, during, and after a step decrease in blood pressure. Continuous blood pressure recordings were made with a finger plethysmograph system, and flow velocities in the MCA and the OA were continuously measured with Doppler ultrasound. Large bilateral thigh cuffs were inflated and a pressure approximately 20 mm Hg above peak systolic blood pressure was maintained for 3 minutes. A decrease in blood pressure was induced by rapid deflation of bilateral thigh cuffs. Experiments were performed separately for the OA and the MCA.
results. Systemic blood pressure showed a step decrease immediately after thigh cuff release (9%–15%) and returned to baseline 7 to 10 pulse cycles later. Flow velocities in the MCA returned to baseline earlier than systemic blood pressure, indicating peripheral vasodilatation, with a maximum of five to six pulse cycles after the blood pressure decrease. By contrast, flow velocities in the OA returned to baseline later than systemic blood pressure, reflecting peripheral vasoconstriction with a maximum 10 to 15 pulse cycles after cuff release. There was a statistically significant difference in the time course of the resistance changes in the two selected arteries after thigh cuff release (P < 0.001).
conclusions. The results of the present study suggest substantial differences in the autoregulatory behavior of the vascular beds peripheral to the MCA and the OA. Results in the MCA would be compatible with either metabolic or myogenic vasodilatation, whereas the results in the OA could reflect sympathetic vasoconstriction. Further studies are needed to support this hypothesis. The thigh cuff technique may represent an interesting approach to the study of autoregulation in patients with ocular vascular disease.
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