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Takaaki Hattori, Masaru Takeuchi, Katsuhiro Ohno, Midori Ogawara, Tetsuya Asatani, Yoshihiko Usui, Ryuji Muramatsu, Masaki Inagaki, Masahiko Usui, Osamu Taguchi; Alpha-internexin as a Corneal Autoantigen in Spontaneous Autoimmune Keratitis Mouse Model. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(1):249-255. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.05-0774.
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purpose. The purpose of this study was to identify target antigens of autoimmune keratitis with a disease-prone mouse model.
methods. BALB/c nude mice grafted with embryonic rat thymi (TG nude mice) develop various organ-localized autoimmune lesions, including keratitis. A hybridoma producing a monoclonal antibody (OT-20), specific for corneal epithelium was established by using spleen cells from this model mouse of keratitis, and the target of OT-20 was identified by immunoblot analysis. Then, using the antigen, T-cell proliferation and cytokine production by TG nude mice with keratitis were examined.
results. Immunoblot analysis revealed α-internexin to be the target antigen of OT-20 that specifically recognizes corneal epithelium. Sera from TG nude mice with keratitis reacted with α-internexin on Western blot analysis, and the T cells of these mice on stimulation with α-internexin exhibited proliferation responses and produced IL-2, IFN-γ, and TNF-α, but not IL-4 or IL-5.
conclusions. These results suggest that α-internexin is one of the corneal antigens associated with keratitis, developing spontaneously in TG-nude mice, with a probable pathogenic role.
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