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Diana Valverde, Rosa Riveiro-Alvarez, Jana Aguirre-Lamban, Montserrat Baiget, Miguel Carballo, Guillermo Antiñolo, José Maria Millán, Blanca Garcia Sandoval, Carmen Ayuso; Spectrum of the ABCA4 Gene Mutations Implicated in Severe Retinopathies in Spanish Patients. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2007;48(3):985-990. doi: 10.1167/iovs.06-0307.
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purpose. The purpose of this study is to describe the spectrum of mutations in the ABCA4 gene found in Spanish patients affected with several retinal dystrophies.
methods. Sixty Spanish families with different retinal dystrophies were studied. Samples were analyzed for variants in all 50 exons of the ABCA4 gene by screening with the ABCR400 microarray, and results were confirmed by direct sequencing. Haplotype analyses were also performed. For those families with only one mutation detected by the microarray, denaturing (d)HPLC was performed to complete the mutational screening of the ABCA4 gene.
results. The sequence analysis of the ABCA4 gene led to the identification of 33 (27.5%) potential disease-associated alleles among the 60 patients. These comprised 16 distinct sequence variants in 25 of the 60 subjects investigated. For autosomal recessive cone–rod dystrophy (arCRD), we found that 50% of the CRD families with the mutation had two recurrent changes (2888delG and R943Q). For retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and autosomal dominant macular dystrophy (adMD), one putative disease-associated allele was identified in 9 of the 27 and 3 of the 7 families, respectively.
conclusions. In the population studied, ABCA4 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of arCRD. However, mutations in this gene are less frequently identified in other retinal dystrophies, like RP or adMD, and therefore it is still not clear whether ABCA4 is involved as a modifying factor or the relationship is a fortuitous association.
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