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Jie Ouyang, Ying-Cheng Shen, Lung-Kun Yeh, Wei Li, Brad M. Coyle, Chia-Yang Liu, M. Elizabeth Fini; Pax6 Overexpression Suppresses Cell Proliferation and Retards the Cell Cycle in Corneal Epithelial Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2006;47(6):2397-2407. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.05-1083.
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purpose. The gene encoding transcription factor Pax6 resides at the top of a genetic hierarchy controlling development and morphogenesis of the eye. Pax6 continues to be expressed in the ocular surface epithelia of the postnatal eye. The goal of this study was to investigate a possible role for Pax6 in controlling dynamics of the ocular surface epithelia.
methods. Full-length mouse Pax6 (mPax) cDNA, or truncated mPax6Δ286 lacking the transcriptional activation domain was inserted into a tetracycline-inducible vector (Tet-on). A rabbit corneal epithelial cell line SIRC was used to establish stable transformants. Induction of Pax6 or truncated Pax6Δ286 proteins by doxycycline (DOX) was examined by Western blot and immunohistochemistry. The effects of Pax6 overexpression on cell cycle progression were assessed by the cell proliferation index, cell growth curve, and cell cycle assay. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was performed to detect apoptotic cells. Recombinant adenovirus-carrying mPax6 or mPax6Δ286 transgenes were used for transient transduction of primary rabbit corneal epithelial cells, and the effect on cell cycle progression was assayed.
results. The level of Pax6 or truncated Pax6 was tightly regulated by DOX. Overexpression of full-length Pax6 retarded the rate of cell proliferation, whereas the truncated form had no effect. Full-length Pax6 affected the rate at which individual cells traversed the cell cycle and induced caspase-3-independent apoptosis in a small percentage of cells. Transient transduction of cells with recombinant mPax6 adenovirus also inhibited cell proliferation.
conclusions. Inhibition of cell proliferation in Pax6-overexpressing corneal epithelial cell lines and primary cell culture is consistent with the notion that Pax6 plays a role in controlling corneal epithelial cell dynamics in vivo.
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