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Etsuko Shibuya, Akira Meguro, Masao Ota, Kenji Kashiwagi, Fumihiko Mabuchi, Hiroyuki Iijima, Kazuhide Kawase, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Makoto Nakamura, Akira Negi, Takeshi Sagara, Teruo Nishida, Masaru Inatani, Hidenobu Tanihara, Makoto Aihara, Makoto Araie, Takeo Fukuchi, Haruki Abe, Tomomi Higashide, Kazuhisa Sugiyama, Takashi Kanamoto, Yoshiaki Kiuchi, Aiko Iwase, Shigeaki Ohno, Hidetoshi Inoko, Nobuhisa Mizuki; Association of Toll-like Receptor 4 Gene Polymorphisms with Normal Tension Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(10):4453-4457. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.07-1575.
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purpose. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a transmembrane receptor that mediates immune responses to exogenous and endogenous ligands and interacts with heat shock proteins, which are reportedly involved in normal tension glaucoma (NTG). This study was undertaken to investigate whether TLR4 polymorphisms are associated with NTG.
methods. Two hundred fifty Japanese patients with NTG and 318 Japanese healthy control subjects were recruited. Eight single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TLR4 gene were genotyped, and allelic and phenotypic diversity was assessed between cases and control subjects.
results. Strong linkage disequilibrium was observed among all SNPs (D′ ≥ 0.85), which were located in one haplotype block. With respect to allelic diversity, the minor allele of three SNPs (rs10759930, rs1927914, and rs7037117) carried a significantly increased risk of NTG. With regard to genotypic diversity, individuals with the minor allele of six SNPs (rs10759930, rs1927914, rs1927911, rs12377632, rs2149356, and rs7037117) had a 1.47- to 1.65-fold increased risk of NTG. rs7037117, located in the 3′-untranslated region of TLR4, was most strongly associated with NTG, and when incorporated into a haplotype with rs10759930, the strongest association was detected (P = 0.0038, P c = 0.0095).
conclusions. Multiple SNPs in the TLR4 gene are associated with the risk of NTG. This finding suggests that the ligands and/or cytokines involved in the TLR4 signaling network may be risk factors for the development of NTG.
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