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Yasuya Inomata, Hidenobu Tanihara, Masaki Tanito, Hiroaki Okuyama, Yuma Hoshino, Tomoya Kinumi, Takahiro Kawaji, Norihiko Kondo, Junji Yodoi, Hajime Nakamura; Suppression of Choroidal Neovascularization by Thioredoxin-1 via Interaction with Complement Factor H. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(11):5118-5125. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1659.
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purpose. To examine the role of thioredoxin-1 (TRX-1), an endogenous protein with a variety of redox-related roles, in the formation of choroidal neovascularization (CNV).
methods. CNV was induced by laser photocoagulation of the ocular fundus in wild-type and transgenic mice overexpressing human TRX-1 (TRX-1 Tg). Mice were injected intraperitoneally with TRX-1, mutant TRX, or vehicle. The incidence of CNV was evaluated by lectin staining. Leukocyte recruitment and C3b deposition after laser injury were determined by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. Moreover, TRX-1–associated proteins from human plasma were isolated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis with the use of a column coupled with a mutant TRX-1 and were identified by mass spectrometry and proteomics analysis. Complement activation was determined by a fluid-phase method.
results. The incidence of laser-induced CNV was reduced in TRX-1 Tg mice (56.1%) and in C57B/6 mice treated with TRX-1 (46.7%) but not in mutant TRX-1 (79.2%) compared with wild-type mice (85.7%). Furthermore, leukocyte recruitment was prevented in TRX-1–treated mice; C3b deposition was decreased in these and TRX-1 Tg mice. In human plasma, five proteins associated with TRX-1 were identified as apolipoprotein A-I, the CD5 antigen-like member of the scavenger receptor, cysteine-rich superfamily fibrinogen, albumin, and complement factor H (CFH). TRX-1 inhibited the alternative pathway C3 convertase, and its effect was additive with CFH.
conclusions. These findings show that TRX-1 interacts with CFH, regulates complement activity, and inhibits CNV, suggesting novel preventive and interventional therapeutic strategies for AMD.
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