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Yangfa Zeng, Yizhi Liu, Xing Liu, Chuying Chen, Yuanling Xia, Miaoling Lu, Mingguang He; Comparison of Lens Thickness Measurements Using the Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography and A-scan Ultrasonography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(1):290-294. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1216.
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purpose. To assess lens thickness (LT) measurements with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in comparison with A-scan ultrasonography (A-scan US).
methods. Enrolled were 66 eyes of 48 phakic elderly volunteers aged ≥50 years and 56 eyes of 56 young participants aged 18 to 40 years. LT was measured with the internal manual caliper tools in AS-OCT. The A-scan US measurements were based on an average of 10 consecutive automatic measurements. Reproducibility was assessed by three measurements each with AS-OCT and A-scan US independently obtained by two observers who were masked to one another’s results.
results. The failure rates of AS-OCT and A-scan US were 9.1% and 7.6%, respectively, in elderly subjects, but no failure was observed in young subjects. The LT values measured by AS-OCT were significantly greater than A-scan US; the paired difference was 0.135 mm in elderly and 0.101 mm in young subjects (P < 0.001). These differences did not correlate with the nuclear cataract grades (r = 0.078, P = 0.558). Intraobserver agreement on AS-OCT (95% limits of agreement [LoA]: −0.049 to +0.045 mm; ICC: 0.999) was better than A-scan US (95%LoA: −0.194 to +0.218 mm; ICC: 0.974). The 95% LoA of interobserver agreement using AS-OCT and A-scan were −0.084 to +0.073 and −0.278 to +0.239 mm, respectively, and the ICCs were 0.996 and 0.960, respectively.
conclusions. AS-OCT can be used to measure lens thickness in most eyes with clear or opacified lenses. It appears to be an alternative means of measuring lens thickness, particularly when a noncontact method is needed.
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