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Kiran Patil, Lars Bellner, Giuseppe Cullaro, Katherine H. Gotlinger, Michael W. Dunn, Michal Laniado Schwartzman; Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction Attenuates Corneal Inflammation and Accelerates Wound Healing after Epithelial Injury. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(8):3379-3386. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1515.
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purpose. Heme oxygenase (HO) is considered a fundamental endogenous immunomodulatory, cytoprotective, and anti-inflammatory system. This protective function is primarily ascribed to the inducible HO-1. The authors examined the effect of HO-1 induction on corneal inflammation and wound healing in mice undergoing epithelial injury.
methods. C57BL6 mice were treated with SnCl2 the day before epithelial injury and once daily thereafter. The corneal epithelium was removed with the use of a corneal rust ring remover in anesthetized mice. Reepithelialization was measured by fluorescein staining. The inflammatory response was examined by histology and was quantified by the myeloperoxidase assay. Inflammatory lipid mediators were detected and quantified by LC/MS/MS-based lipidomic analysis. HO-1 expression was assessed by real-time PCR, and HO activity was determined by measuring HO-dependent carbon monoxide production.
results. Epithelial injury caused a time-dependent transient increase in HO-1 expression and HO activity that was significantly amplified by treatment with SnCl2, resulting in a twofold to threefold increase in mRNA levels and a similar increase in corneal HO activity. Induction of HO-1 was associated with a significant acceleration of wound healing when compared with a vehicle-treated group and with attenuation of the inflammatory response, evidenced by a significant decrease in the number of infiltrating cells and by a significant reduction in the expression and production of proinflammatory lipid mediators and cytokines.
conclusions. Increased expression of HO-1 provides a mechanism that modulates inflammation and promotes wound closure; pharmacologic amplification of this system may constitute a novel strategy to treat corneal inflammation while accelerating wound repair after injury.
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