Purchase this article with an account.
Xiaoying Zhu, Josh Wallman; Temporal Properties of Compensation for Positive and Negative Spectacle Lenses in Chicks. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2009;50(1):37-46. doi: 10.1167/iovs.08-2102.
Download citation file:
© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
purpose. Chicks’ eyes rapidly compensate for defocus imposed by spectacle lenses by changing their rate of elongation and their choroidal thickness. Compensation may involve internal emmetropization signals that rise and become saturated during episodes of lens wear and decline between episodes. The time constants of these signals were measured indirectly by measuring the magnitude of lens compensation in refractive error and ocular dimensions as a function of the duration of episodes and the intervals between the episodes.
methods. First, in a study of how quickly the signals rose, chicks were subjected to episodes of lens-wear of various durations (darkness otherwise), and the duration required to cause a half-maximum effect (rise-time) was estimated. Second, in a study of how quickly the signals declined, various dark intervals were imposed between episodes of lens-wear, and the interval required to reduce the maximum effect by half (fall-time) was estimated.
results. The rise-times for the rate of ocular elongation and choroidal thickness were approximately 3 minutes for positive and negative lenses. The fall-times had a broad range of time courses: Positive lenses caused an enduring inhibition of ocular elongation with a fall-time of 24 hours. In contrast, negative lenses caused a transient stimulation of ocular elongation with a fall-time of 0.4 hour.
conclusions. The effects of episodes of defocus rise rapidly with episode duration to an asymptote and decline between episodes, with the time course depending strongly on the sign of defocus and the ocular component. The complex etiology of human myopia may reflect these temporal properties.
This PDF is available to Subscribers Only