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Tatsuhiko Sato, Takashi Fujikado, Tong-Sheng Lee, Yasuo Tano; Direct Effect of Electrical Stimulation on Induction of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor from Cultured Retinal Müller Cells. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2008;49(10):4641-4646. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.08-2049.
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purpose. To investigate the direct effect of electrical stimulation (ES) on the induction of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) from cultured retinal Müller cells.
methods. Müller cells were isolated from rat retinas. ES was applied to passage 1 Müller cells with biphasic pulses (duration, 1 ms; frequency, 20 Hz; current, 10 mA) for 30 minutes. The changes in gene expression after ES were analyzed with microarrays. The mRNA and protein levels of BDNF were determined at each time point after ES by RT-PCR and ELISA, respectively. RT-PCR was also performed at 3 hours after ES of Müller cells that had been exposed to 1 μM nifedipine, a blocker of L-type voltage-dependent calcium channels (L-VDCCs).
results. Microarray analyses showed an upregulation of 245 genes, including BDNF. The mRNA level of BDNF increased significantly (P < 0.05; by ∼1.2-fold over that of the control) at 2 and 3 hours after ES. The intracellular protein level was upregulated significantly (by ∼1.4-fold) at 6 hours after ES, whereas the extracellular level did not change at any time point. The total protein level of BDNF increased significantly (∼1.3-fold) at 6 hours after ES. The increase in the mRNA level of BDNF was fully suppressed by exposure of the Müller cells to nifedipine.
conclusions. These results demonstrate that ES directly upregulates the transcriptional induction of BDNF through L-VDCCs in cultured Müller cells. The ES of Müller cells may be used to supply endogenous BDNF to the retina.
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