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José-Daniel Aroca-Aguilar, Francisco Sánchez-Sánchez, Sikha Ghosh, Ana Fernández-Navarro, Miguel Coca-Prados, Julio Escribano; Interaction of Recombinant Myocilin with the Matricellular Protein SPARC: Functional Implications. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(1):179-189. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4866.
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Myocilin is an extracellular glycoprotein with unknown function that is associated with glaucoma. Calpain II cleaves recombinant myocilin within the linker region of the protein, releasing the C-terminal olfactomedin domain from the N-terminal domain. The authors previously reported that myocilin interacts with the C-terminal region of hevin, a secretory glycoprotein belonging to the SPARC family of matricellular proteins. This study aims to investigate the interaction of myocilin with SPARC.
Protein-protein interactions were evaluated by the yeast two-hybrid system. The positive interactions were confirmed by solid-phase binding assays using Ni-chelating HPLC purified recombinant proteins and coexpression of recombinant proteins in HEK-293T cells. Coexpression of myocilin, SPARC, and hevin in ocular tissues was identified by immunoflorescence microscopy, Western blot, and array-based gene profiling.
Yeast two-hybrid analyses showed that myocilin interacted with the highly conserved C-terminal extracellular calcium binding (EC) domain within SPARC and hevin. Solid-phase binding assays confirmed these interactions and showed that both myocilin and its C-terminal olfactomedin fragment interacted noncovalently with SPARC and a peptide containing the EC domain of SPARC. Full-length myocilin interacted with higher affinity with SPARC and its EC domain than the myocilin C-terminal fragment. Coexpression of the two recombinant proteins in HEK-293T cells also indicated their intracellular interaction.
Recombinant myocilin and SPARC interact through their C-terminal domains. The data suggest that the proteolytic processing of myocilin modulates this interaction as well as the interactions of myocilin with other extracellular matrix and matricellular proteins, further supporting a functional role for this proteolytic cleavage.
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