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Ravikanth Metlapally, Chang-Seok Ki, Yi-Ju Li, Khanh-Nhat Tran-Viet, Diana Abbott, Francois Malecaze, Patrick Calvas, David A. Mackey, Thomas Rosenberg, Sandrine Paget, Jeremy A. Guggenheim, Terri L. Young; Genetic Association of Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 Polymorphisms with High-Grade Myopia in an International Family Cohort. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(9):4476-4479. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-4912.
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Evidence from human myopia genetic mapping studies (MYP3 locus), modulated animal models, and observations of glycemic control in humans suggests that insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 plays a role in the control of eye growth. This study was conducted to determine whether IGF-1 polymorphisms are associated with myopia in a large, international dataset of Caucasian high-grade myopia pedigrees.
Two hundred sixty-five multiplex families with 1391 subjects participated in the study. IGF-1 genotyping was performed with 13 selected tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) using allelic discrimination assays. A family-based pedigree disequilibrium test (PDT) was performed to test for association. Myopia status was defined using sphere (SPH) or spherical equivalent (SE), and analyses assessed the association of (1) high-grade myopia (≤ −5.00 D), and (2) any myopia (≤ −0.50 D) with IGF-1 markers. Results were declared significant at P ≤ 0.0038 after Bonferroni correction. Q values that take into account multiple testing were also obtained.
In all, three SNPs—rs10860860, rs2946834, and rs6214—were present at P < 0.05. SNP rs6214 showed positive association with both the high-grade– and any-myopia groups (P = 2 × 10−3 and P = 2 × 10−3, respectively) after correction for multiple testing.
The study supports a genetic association between IGF-1 and high-grade myopia. These findings are in line with recent evidence in an experimental myopia model showing that IGF-1 promotes ocular growth and axial myopia. IGF-1 may be a myopia candidate gene for further investigation.
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