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Shizuka Koh, Cynthia Tung, James Aquavella, Rahul Yadav, James Zavislan, Geunyoung Yoon; Simultaneous Measurement of Tear Film Dynamics Using Wavefront Sensor and Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(7):3441-3448. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4430.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To investigate tear film dynamics using simultaneous measurements of ocular aberrations and lower tear meniscus.
Simultaneous measurements of wavefront aberration and lower tear meniscus were performed for 11 normal eyes and 7 eyes with short tear film break-up time (SBUT) dry eye, with a tear film break-up time shorter than 5 seconds, using a wavefront sensor and an anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT). During the measurement, the subjects were instructed to blink every 6 seconds for a total of 30 seconds. From the measured aberration, root mean square (RMS) wavefront error and volume modulation transfer function (vMTF) induced by changes in tear film dynamics were calculated for a 5-mm pupil. Lower tear meniscus height (TMH) and area (TMA) were estimated from the cross-sectional OCT images of lower tear meniscus.
There was a positive correlation between RMS and tear meniscus dimensions and a negative correlation between vMTF and tear meniscus in both groups. There were moderate negative correlations between the postblink initial RMS change and baseline TMH (R = −0.61) and TMA (R = −0.54) in SBUT dry eyes that were stronger than in normal eyes (R = −0.37, R = −0.38).
Tear meniscus dimensions increase with RMS over time, and tear quantity before blink has a significant role in maintaining initial optical integrity, especially in SBUT dry eye. Simultaneous measurement of optical quality and tear meniscus has the potential to improve understanding of tear stability in normal eyes and dry eyes.
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