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Arnaud Sauer, Valérie Letscher-Bru, Claude Speeg-Schatz, David Touboul, Joseph Colin, Ermanno Candolfi, Tristan Bourcier; In Vitro Efficacy of Antifungal Treatment Using Riboflavin/UV-A (365 nm) Combination and Amphotericin B. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(8):3950-3953. doi: 10.1167/iovs.09-4013.
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To demonstrate the antimicrobial properties of riboflavin/UV-A (365 nm) against fungal pathogens.
The antimicrobial properties of riboflavin/UV-A (365 nm), with or without previous treatment with amphotericin B, were tested on three groups of fungi selected from severe cases of keratomycosis: Candida albicans, Fusarium sp, and Aspergillus fumigatus. They were tested by using Kirby-Bauer discs with empty disc (control), riboflavin 0.1% alone (R), UV-A alone (UV-A), riboflavin 0.1% and additional UV-A exposure (R+UV-A), amphotericin B alone (A), amphotericin B and riboflavin 0.1% (A+R), amphotericin B and UV-A (A+UV-A), amphotericin B and riboflavin 0.1%, and additional UV-A exposure (A+R+UV-A). The mean growth inhibition zone (GIZ) was measured around the discs.
C. albicans, Fusarium sp, and A. fumigatus did not show any increased GIZ after treatment without previous amphotericin B medication. However, GIZ was significantly greater after pretreatment with amphotericin B and riboflavin/UV-A (A+R+UV-A) for C. albicans (P = 0.0005), Fusarium sp (P = 0.0023) and A. fumigatus (P = 0.0008) compared with A, A+R, and A+UV-A.
Amphotericin B is believed to interact with fungi membrane sterols to produce aggregates that form transmembrane channels. Given that collagen is one of the principal components of the cornea, it is also probable that amphotericin B may diffuse easily after cross-linking. Previous treatment with amphotericin B allowed riboflavin/UV-A effectiveness against C. albicans, Fusarium sp, and A. fumigatus. This schema might be used in the future for the treatment of keratomycosis.
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