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George D. Kymionis, Dimitra M. Portaliou, Vasilios F. Diakonis, Georgios A. Kontadakis, Maria S. Krasia, Anastasios G. Papadiamantis, Efekan Coskunseven, Aristofanis I. Pallikaris; Posterior Linear Stromal Haze Formation after Simultaneous Photorefractive Keratectomy followed by Corneal Collagen Cross-linking. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(10):5030-5033. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-5105.
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To report the development of posterior linear stromal haze after simultaneous photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) followed by corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL).
Combined simultaneous customized PRK followed by corneal collagen cross-linking was performed in 23 patients (28 eyes) with keratoconus. Corneas were examined biomicroscopically and by means of confocal microscopy before surgery and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after surgery.
Posterior linear stromal haze was observed clinically (slit lamp biomicroscopy) one month after surgery in 13 of 28 eyes (46.42%). No corneal edema or anterior haze formation was evident. Confocal microscopy revealed in those 13 eyes a hyperreflective area at the level of the posterior stroma 1 month after combined treatment. Both slit lamp examination and corneal confocal microscopy follow-up demonstrated a gradual anterior movement and a decrease in reflectance of this finding. At 12 months this posterior linear stromal haze, despite its anterior movement and decreased density, did not completely disappear at slit lamp and confocal microscopy analysis.
Posterior linear stromal haze formation may appear after simultaneous PRK followed by CXL in patients with keratoconus. This finding seems to gradually become less dense and slowly moves toward the anterior stroma.
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