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Yoshihiko Usui, Masaru Takeuchi, Naoyuki Yamakawa, Aya Takeuchi, Takeshi Kezuka, Juan Ma, Ryusaku Matsuda, Yoko Okunuki, Hisaya Akiba, Hiroshi Goto; Expression and Function of Inducible Costimulator on Peripheral Blood CD4+ T Cells in Behçet's Patients with Uveitis: A New Activity Marker?. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(10):5099-5104. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-5286.
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Inducible costimulator (ICOS) is an important costimulatory molecule involved in T-cell activation. In this study, the role of ICOS in the pathogenesis of uveitis in Behçet's disease (BD) was investigated.
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from BD patients with uveitis in the active or remission phase and in healthy subjects. Total RNA was isolated from PMBCs, and mRNA expression was analyzed on an oligonucleotide microarray. ICOS expression on CD4+ T cells was determined by flow cytometry, and the functional costimulatory effect of ICOS/B7RP-1 interaction was assessed on stimulation with concanavalin A (conA) or IRBP in the presence or absence of anti-ICOS mAb.
As the result of microarray analysis, ICOS in PBMCs showed the greatest difference in expression in BD patients with uveitis compared with healthy control subjects. ICOS expression on CD4+ T cells in BD patients with uveitis was significantly higher than that in healthy individuals, both before and after conA stimulation. Among the BD patients, ICOS expression on CD4+ T cells was significantly higher in those with active uveitis than in those with remitted uveitis. Blockade of ICOS/B7-related protein-1 (B7RP-1) interaction by anti-ICOS mAb significantly decreased IFN-γ, IL-17, and TNF-α production by PBMCs when stimulated with conA or IRBP in BD with active uveitis.
High ICOS expression in BD patients with uveitis contributed to the upregulation of IFN-γ, IL-17, and TNF-α production, suggesting that abnormal ICOS costimulation may play an immunopathologic role in the pathogenesis of uveitis in BD.
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