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Xiaohu Ding, Zhi Lin, Qunxiao Huang, Yingfeng Zheng, Nathan Congdon, Mingguang He; Heritability of Peripheral Refraction in Chinese Children and Adolescents: The Guangzhou Twin Eye Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(1):107-111. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-8716.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To estimate the heritability of peripheral refraction in Chinese children and adolescents.
The authors examined 72 monozygotic (MZ) twins and 48 dizygotic (DZ) twins aged 8 to 20 years from a population-based twin registry. Temporal and nasal peripheral refraction, each 40° from the visual axis, and axial refraction were measured using an autorefractor. Relative peripheral refractive error (RPRE) was defined as the peripheral refraction minus the axial refraction. Heritability was assessed by structural equation modeling after adjustment for age and sex.
The mean and SD of temporal refraction (T40), nasal refraction (N40), RPRE-T40, RPRE-N40, and T40-N40 asymmetry were −0.27 ± 2.0 D, 0.36 ± 2.19 D, 1.18 ± 1.39 D, 1.80 ± 1.69 D, and −0.62 ± 1.58 D, respectively. The intraclass correlations for T40 refraction, N40 refraction, RPRE-T40, RPRE-N40, and T40-N40 asymmetry were 0.87, 0.83, 0.65, 0.74, and 0.58 for MZ pairs and 0.49, 0.42, 0.30, 0.41, and 0.32 for DZ pairs, respectively. A model with additive genetic and unique environmental effects was the most parsimonious, with heritability values estimated as 0.84, 0.76, 0.63, 0.70, and 0.55, respectively, for the peripheral refractive parameters.
Additive genetic effects appear to explain most of the variance in peripheral refraction and relative peripheral refraction when adjusting for the effects of axial refraction.
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