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Clyde Guidry, Jeffery L. King; Isolation and Characterization of Vitreous Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Proteins. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(1):303-309. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5920.
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Previous studies from this laboratory revealed that vitreous insulin-like growth factor (IGF) biological activity increases in proliferative diabetic retinopathy and that this activity is normally attenuated by IGFBPs. The goal of this study was to identify and characterize the species involved.
Human and porcine vitreous, plasma, recombinant IGFBP-2, and IGFBP-3 were separated by gel electrophoresis. Functional IGFBPs were detected in Western ligand blots with biotinylated IGF-II. IGFBPs were identified using IGFBP-specific antibodies.
Western ligand blots of normal vitreous and plasma detected two major proteins at ∼35 kDa and ∼29 kDa. Western blot analysis of human and porcine vitreous and plasma confirmed the identity of the ∼35-kDa band as IGFBP-2 and the ∼29-kDa band as a fragment of IGFBP-3. Western blot and Western ligand blot analyses of vitreous and plasma proteins separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis revealed that the IGFBP-3 fragments in vitreous and plasma have virtually identical profiles. Lyase digestion revealed that the ∼29-kDa IGFBP-3 fragment is a glycoprotein with a peptide core of ∼25 kDa. N-terminal sequence data obtained from vitreous IGFBP-3 revealed that the protein is proteolytically truncated at the C terminus.
Normal human and porcine vitreous contain two major IGFBPs, IGFBP-2 and an ∼29-kDa fragment of IGFBP-3. Both IGFBPs retain biological activity, and IGFBP-3 has one or more glycosylation sites with a protein core of ∼25 kDa. Systematic comparisons indicate that the vitreous IGFBP-3 is similar to and perhaps identical with a previously described IGFBP-3 fragment in plasma with reduced growth factor affinities.
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