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Bao Jian Fan, Ke Liu, Dan Yi Wang, Clement C. Y. Tham, Pancy O. S. Tam, Dennis S. C. Lam, Chi Pui Pang; Association of Polymorphisms of Tumor Necrosis Factor and Tumor Protein p53 with Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(8):4110-4116. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-4974.
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To evaluate the variants of 10 genes for association with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) in a Chinese population.
A total of 405 unrelated patients with POAG (255 high-tension glaucoma [HTG], 100 normal-tension glaucoma [NTG], and 50 juvenile-onset open-angle glaucoma [JOAG]) and 201 control subjects were recruited. Seventeen variants in 10 genes with reported association with POAG were genotyped for analysis of allele and haplotype frequencies between cases and control subjects. These genes included CDH1 (cadherin 1, type 1, E-cadherin), CDKN1A (cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A), CYP1B1 (cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily B, polypeptide 1), GSTM1 (glutathione S-transferase mu 1), GSTT1 (glutathione S-transferase theta 1), MTHFR (5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase), NOS3 (nitric oxide synthase 3), OPA1 (optic atrophy 1), TNF (tumor necrosis factor), and TP53 (tumor protein p53).
One SNP (−308G>A; rs1800629) in TNF demonstrated a significant association with HTG (P = 0.012). The allele G frequency was higher in HTG patients than in control subjects (94.6% vs. 90.3%; OR = 1.89). One haplotype consisting of rs1799724 and rs1800629 was significantly associated with HTG (P = 0.015, corrected P = 0.045). One SNP (R72P; rs1042522) in TP53 was significantly associated with NTG (P = 0.018). The allele G frequency was higher in NTG patients than in control subjects (56.1% vs. 45.8%; OR = 1.52). The significance of these associations survived the Bonferroni correction (corrected P < 0.024). Other gene variants were not significantly associated with HTG (P > 0.063) or NTG (P > 0.13). None of the studied variants was significantly associated with JOAG (P > 0.17).
The findings suggest that variants in TNF and TP53 are risk factors for POAG, whereas variants in other studied genes are not major risk factors for POAG, at least in the Chinese population.
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