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Aashish Anand, Carlos Gustavo V. De Moraes, Christopher C. Teng, Celso Tello, Jeffrey M. Liebmann, Robert Ritch; Corneal Hysteresis and Visual Field Asymmetry in Open Angle Glaucoma. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(12):6514-6518. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.10-5580.
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To investigate the association between corneal biomechanical parameters and asymmetric primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) using the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA).
In a prospective cross-sectional study, ORA parameters were measured in 117 POAG patients with asymmetric visual fields (VF). The asymmetry in VF was defined as a five point difference between the eyes using the Advanced Glaucoma Intervention Study (AGIS) scoring system. Subjects with previous intraocular or refractive surgery, ocular comorbidities and diabetes were excluded.
In worse eyes, mean AGIS scores were significantly higher (8.1 ± 4.3 vs. 1.0 ± 1.6; P < 0.001) and mean corneal hysteresis (CH) was significantly lower (8.2 ± 1.9 vs. 8.9 ± 1.9 mm Hg; P < 0.001). Median ORA-corrected intraocular pressure was higher in the worse eyes (IOPcc, 17.4 mm Hg vs. 16.9 mm Hg; P < 0.001). Worse eyes had a slightly lower mean corneal resistance factor (P = 0.04) and more myopic mean spherical equivalent (P = 0.02). No difference was seen in the central corneal thickness (CCT; P = 0.63) and Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT; P = 0.32). On multivariate analysis, only CH retained an association with the worse eye (odds ratio, 25.9; 95% confidence interval, 10.1–66.5). ROC curves showed that only CH and IOPcc had a discriminative ability for the eye with worse VF (AUC, 0.82 and 0.70, respectively).
Asymmetric POAG was associated with asymmetry in ORA parameters but not in CCT and GAT. Lower CH was associated with worse eyes independently of its effect on IOP measurement and had the best discriminability for the eye with the worse VF.
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