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Peter Lichtlen, Tim T. Lam, T. Michael Nork, Tim Streit, David M. Urech; Relative Contribution of VEGF and TNF-α in the Cynomolgus Laser-Induced CNV Model: Comparing the Efficacy of Bevacizumab, Adalimumab, and ESBA105. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(9):4738-4745. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-4890.
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To compare the relative contribution of VEGF and TNF-α in the development of laser-induced choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in monkeys and to exploit the feasibility of topical use of suitable antibody fragments for the prevention of experimental CNV.
To induce experimental CNV, small high-energy laser spots were used to treat several areas of the macula in the retinas of cynomolgus monkeys according to previously published protocols. To prevent abnormalities, bevacizumab (a potent VEGF inhibitor) and adalimumab or ESBA105 (potent TNF-α inhibitors) were given by intravitreal injection 1 week before and 1 week and 3 weeks after laser treatment. ESBA105 was also applied topically in a separate group. Control animals were treated with either intravitreal or topical saline. Eyes were monitored by ophthalmic examination, color photography, and fluorescein angiography.
Inhibition of VEGF by bevacizumab completely blocked the formation of CNV. Both TNF-α inhibitors also significantly reduced laser-induced CNV abnormalities after intravitreal administration. Most important, topical use of the anti–TNF-α single-chain antibody fragment ESBA105 also reduced the formation of CNV.
TNF-α contributes to laser-induced CNV formation, and its inhibition can be a new therapeutic target for CNV. This study suggests TNF-α as another therapeutic target for the prevention and treatment of CNV and adds to the emerging clinical data suggesting the therapeutic value of TNF-α inhibitors in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Further, this study shows that topical therapy with suitable antibody fragments has the potential of being introduced to retinal disease treatment regimens.
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