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Wei Chen, Ying Lin, Xiaobo Zhang, Lihua Wang, Mimi Liu, Jingbo Liu, Ya Ye, Li Sun, Huixiang Ma, Jia Qu; Comparison of Fresh Corneal Tissue versus Glycerin-Cryopreserved Corneal Tissue in Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(2):775-781. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.09-3422.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To compare the microstructural differences in fresh corneal tissue (FCT) with glycerin-cryopreserved corneal tissue (GCCT) used during deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK).
The medical records of 48 consecutive patients who underwent DALK for stromal opacity without endothelial abnormalities were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups: an FCT group (n = 22) and a GCCT group (n = 26), according to the corneal tissue used. The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp, corneal topography, pachymetry, and laser scanning in vivo confocal microscopy examinations at 2 weeks and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after surgery were analyzed.
No graft rejection developed in the GCCT group, whereas stromal rejection developed in one eye in the FCT group. There were no significant differences in spherical equivalent (P = 0.37), astigmatism (P = 0.26), BCVA (P = 0.64), central corneal thickness (P = 0.73), or endothelial cell density (P = 0.49) between the two groups at 24 months. Confocal microscopy showed that GCCT was acellular, whereas dendritelike cells and keratocytes were found in the FCT group 2 weeks after surgery. The keratocyte density improved significantly in the GCCT group at 3 months after surgery, whereas it decreased significantly after surgery in the FCT group during follow-up. No significant difference in regeneration of nerve fibers was found in the subbasal layer and anterior stroma between the two groups at 24 months.
DALK using GCCT provides clinical results comparable to FCT. GCCT can be used safely and effectively for DALK and may minimize stromal rejection after surgery.
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