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Jing-Yi Xu, Liang-Yu Wu, Xin-Qiang Zheng, Jian-Liang Lu, Ming-Yan Wu, Yue-Rong Liang; Green Tea Polyphenols Attenuating Ultraviolet B–Induced Damage to Human Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells In Vitro. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2010;51(12):6665-6670. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5698.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To examine the protective effect of green tea polyphenols against ultraviolet B (UVB)–induced damage to retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells.
Green tea polyphenols (GTP) was used to treat RPE cells before or after exposure to UVB. Viability of RPE cells was tested by 3,(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Survivin gene expression was examined by real-time PCR analysis. Ultrastructure of RPE cells was examined by transmission electron microscopy.
GTP effectively suppressed the decrease in viability of the UVB stressed RPE cells and the UVB suppression of survivin gene expression level. GTP alleviated mitochondria dysfunction and DNA fragmentation induced by UVB.
GTP protected RPE cells from UVB damage through its increase in the survivin gene expression and its attenuation of mitochondria dysfunction and DNA fragmentation. GTP is a potential candidate for further development as a chemoprotective factor for the primary prevention of age-related eye diseases such as age-related macular degeneration.
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