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Romesh I. Angunawela, Andri Riau, Shyam S. Chaurasia, Donald T. Tan, Jodhbir S. Mehta; Manual Suction versus Femtosecond Laser Trephination for Penetrating Keratoplasty: Intraocular Pressure, Endothelial Cell Damage, Incision Geometry, and Wound Healing Responses. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2012;53(6):2571-2579. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.11-8403.
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To measure real-time intraocular pressure (IOP) during trephination with a manual suction trephine (MST) and the femtosecond laser (FSL), and to assess endothelial cell damage, incision geometry, and wound healing response with these procedures.
IOP was monitored with an intracameral sensor. Eight rabbits underwent manual suction trephination. Eight rabbits had FSL trephination (FSL-T). Slit lamp photography, confocal microscopy, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) were performed at baseline and postoperatively. Animals were sacrificed at 4 hours and 3 days. Tissue was examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and immunohistochemistry for an array of wound-healing markers. Separately, 6 human corneas had MST (3) and FSL-T (3). Incision geometry was imaged with high resolution Optovue AS-OCT.
The average IOP during MST and FSL-T was similar (37 mm Hg). There was wider IOP fluctuation during the MST cutting phase (60 mm Hg maximum). There were 1–2 rows of endothelial loss on either side of the incision for FSL-T and 2–5 rows deep for MST. Immune cell responses at 4 hours (CD11b) were comparable, greater apoptosis with FSL-T (TUNEL) occurred at 4 hours, and there was increased keratocyte proliferation at 3 days (Ki67) with FSL-T. There was significantly greater undercutting of the cornea with MST (46.86 degrees versus 16.72 degrees).
There is more IOP variation during MST. Average IOP is 37 mm Hg for both techniques. More endothelial damage and undercutting of the cornea occurs with MST. The wound healing response to FSL-T appears greater at 3 days.
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