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W. Clay Smith, Susan Bolch, Donald R. Dugger, Jian Li, Isi Esquenazi, Anatol Arendt, Del Benzenhafer, J. Hugh McDowell; Interaction of Arrestin with Enolase1 in Photoreceptors. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011;52(3):1832-1840. doi: 10.1167/iovs.10-5724.
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Arrestin is in disequilibrium in photoreceptors, translocating between inner and outer segments in response to light. The purpose of this project was to identify the cellular component with which arrestin associates in the dark-adapted retina.
Retinas were cross-linked with 2.5 mM dithiobis(succinimidylpropionate) (DSP), and arrestin-containing complexes purified by anion-exchange chromatography. Tandem mass spectrometric analysis was used to identify the protein components in the complex. Enolase localization in photoreceptors was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Confirmation of interacting components was performed using immunoprecipitation and surface plasmon resonance (SPR). Enolase activity was also assessed in the presence of arrestin1.
In retinas treated with DSP, arrestin cross-linked in a 125-kDa complex. The principal components of this complex were arrestin1 and enolase1. Both arrestin1 and -4 were pulled down with enolase1 when enolase1 was immunoprecipitated. In the dark-adapted retina, enolase1 co-localized with arrestin1 in the inner segments and outer nuclear layer, but remained in the inner segments when arrestin1 translocated in response to light adaptation. SPR of purified arrestin1 and enolase1 demonstrated direct binding between arrestin1 and enolase1. Arrestin1 modulated the catalytic activity of enolase1, slowing it by as much as 24%.
The results show that in the dark-adapted retina, arrestin1 and -4 interact with enolase1. The SPR data show that the interaction between arrestin1 and enolase1 was direct, not requiring a third element to form the complex. Arrestin1 slowed the catalytic activity of enolase1, suggesting that light-driven translocation of arrestin1 may modulate the metabolic activity of photoreceptors.
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