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Olavi Pärssinen, Markku Kauppinen, Jaakko Kaprio, Markku Koskenvuo, Taina Rantanen; Heritability of Refractive Astigmatism: A Population-Based Twin Study Among 63- to 75-Year-Old Female Twins. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(9):6063-6067. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12465.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To examine the heritability of refractive astigmatism in older women.
Astigmatism was measured with an autorefractor in 88 monozygotic and 82 dizygotic female twin pairs aged 63 to 75 years. The prevalence and distribution of astigmatism and polar values J0 and J45 were estimated by standard statistical methods. Bivariate maximum likelihood model fitting was used to estimate genetic and environmental variance components using information from both eyes.
Mean astigmatism of the more astigmatic eye was 0.93 diopters (D; SD ±0.58). Astigmatism of at least 0.25 D, 0.5 D, 0.75 D, or 1.0 D in either eye was present in 99.7%, 88.5%, 66.5%, and 46.2% of cases, respectively. The main direction of astigmatism was against the rule. The age-adjusted quantitative genetic modeling revealed that additive genetic effects accounted for 33.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 21.9%–43.8%) of the total variance of astigmatism and for 18% (95% CI, 4%–31%) of the total variance of polar value J45 of both eyes (bivariate model), with the remaining variances due to nongenetic effects. There were no significant correlations between the twin pairs for polar value J0.
In elderly female twins, additive genetic effects accounted for one-third of the variance of the amount of astigmatism and only a small fraction of the total variance of polar value J45.
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