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Alexandre Pedinielli, Eric H. Souied, Francois Perrenoud, Nicolas Leveziel, Violaine Caillaux, Giuseppe Querques; In Vivo Visualization of Perforating Vessels and Focal Scleral Ectasia in Pathological Myopia. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(12):7637-7643. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12981.
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To describe focal scleral ectasia in areas of macular/perimacular patchy chorioretinal atrophy secondary to pathologic myopia.
Thirty-nine consecutive patients with pathologic myopia and chorioretinal atrophy in at least one eye, with and without focal scleral ectasia, were analyzed by infrared reflectance (IR) and/or multicolor imaging, enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography (EDI-OCT) (39 patients, 78 eyes), and swept source (SS)-OCT (13 out of 39 patients, 26 eyes) cross-sectional scan.
Focal scleral ectasia was found in 12 out of 68 eyes (11 out of 39 consecutive patients, 27 females/12 males; mean age 65.7 ± 11.9 years) with macular/perimacular patchy chorioretinal atrophy, and was always observed inferior or temporal to the macula (mean 1.25 ± 0.38/eye). Focal scleral ectasia, appearing on fundus examination as a deep dark round/oval lesion with well-defined borders, was characterized on EDI-OCT and SS-OCT by an abrupt posterior bow of the sclera with different degrees of scleral schisis on its borders. The retinal pigment epithelium and the choroid were absent in all lesions. IR reflectance and multicolor imaging showed large vessels that seem to emerge from the focal scleral ectasia, and crossing the area of patchy atrophy. EDI-OCT and SS-OCT revealed retrobulbar vessels perforating the sclera at the borders/bottom of the abrupt posterior bow of the sclera (i.e., focal scleral ectasia) and running through the superficial scleral thickness for the whole extension of the atrophic area.
We showed that perforating vessels are localized at the border/bottom of focal scleral ectasia in pathologic myopia.
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