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Colleen M. Kummet, K. D. Zamba, Carrie K. Doyle, Chris A. Johnson, Michael Wall; Refinement of Pointwise Linear Regression Criteria for Determining Glaucoma Progression. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(9):6234-6241. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-11680.
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A variety of pointwise linear regression (PLR) criteria have been proposed for determining glaucomatous visual field progression. However, alternative PLR criteria have only been assessed on a limited basis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a range of PLR slope and significance criteria to define a clinically useful progression decision rule for longitudinal visual field examinations.
Visual field data for each of 140 eyes (one per participant among 96 cases and 44 controls) were evaluated using the Humphrey Field Analyzer II program 24-2 Swedish interactive thresholding algorithm standard test strategy and Goldmann size III stimuli. The pointwise linear regression A2 (PLRA2) method was used to analyze the data, which included nine visual field examinations performed every 6 months for 4 years. Data from the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS) were used to validate the decision rule.
Several slope criteria produced specificities of 0.90 or higher, particularly slope criteria of less than −1.2 dB/y. The use of the slope criterion less than −1.2 dB/y at a significance level of P < 0.04 for classification resulted in a hit rate of 0.38, more than a 2-fold increase compared with a commonly used standard slope criterion of less than −1.0 dB/y at a significance level of P < 0.01. A similar increase in the hit rate was shown for a slope of less than −1.2 dB/y and P < 0.04 compared with the standard criterion in the independent OHTS validation data.
When systematically evaluating criteria for detecting glaucoma progression, PLR criteria can be refined by requiring a stricter slope criterion such as less than −1.2 dB/y and relaxing the significance criterion to P < 0.04. Increasing the hit rate of PLR will be useful for early detection and treatment of glaucoma.
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