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Eric J. Sigler, John C. Randolph; Comparison of Macular Choroidal Thickness Among Patients Older Than Age 65 With Early Atrophic Age-Related Macular Degeneration and Normals. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2013;54(9):6307-6313. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-12653.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To compare macular choroidal thickness between patients older than 65 years with early atrophic age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and normals.
This was a consecutive, cross-sectional observational study. Enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography using horizontal raster scanning at 12 locations throughout the macula was performed in one eye of consecutive patients presenting with large soft drusen alone, drusen with additional features of early AMD, or a normal fundus. Choroidal thickness was measured at 7 points for each raster scan in the central 3 mm of the macula (total 84 points per eye). In addition, a single subfoveolar measurement was obtained for each eye.
One hundred fifty eyes of 150 patients were included. There was no significant difference between mean refractive error for each diagnosis category via one-way ANOVA (P = 0.451). Mean macular choroidal thickness (CT) was 235 ± 49 μm (range, 125–334 μm; median 222 μm) for normals, 161 ± 39 μm (range, 89–260 μm; median = 158 μm) for the drusen group, and 115 ± 40 μm (range, 22–256 μm; median = 112 μm) for patients with AMD. Mean macular CT was significantly different via one-way ANOVA among all diagnosis categories (P < 0.001).
The presence of features of early AMD without geographic atrophy and/or soft drusen alone is associated with decreased mean macular CT in vivo compared to that in patients with no chorioretinal pathology. Using enhanced depth imaging, measurement of a single subfoveolar choroidal thickness is highly correlated to mean central macular CT.
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