October 1966
Volume 5, Issue 5
Articles  |   October 1966
Landolt's Club in the Amphibian Retina: A Golgi and Electron Microscope Study
Author Affiliations
    Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington Seattle, Wash.
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science October 1966, Vol.5, 484-496. doi:
  • Views
  • PDF
  • Share
  • Tools
    • Alerts
      This feature is available to authenticated users only.
      Sign In or Create an Account ×
    • Get Citation

      ANITA HENDRICKSON; Landolt's Club in the Amphibian Retina: A Golgi and Electron Microscope Study. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1966;5(5):484-496.

      Download citation file:

      © ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)

  • Supplements
This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access.

Landolt's club process has been studied in the adult newt retina. In Golgi preparations this process has been shoivn to arise from the dendritic trunk of a bipolar cell and to pass through the external synaptic layer without discernible synapse, apparently to terminate as an enlarged bulb at the level of the external functional zone (external limiting membrane). This confirms Landolt's original observations. The electron microscope reveals, in addition, that this process often lacks intervening glia between its own cell membrane and that of adjacent photoreceptors. Morphologically the club process differs somewhat from a typical dendrite. The process passes through the external functional zone and terminates as a 9+0 cilium which extends between the receptor inner segments


This PDF is available to Subscribers Only

Sign in or purchase a subscription to access this content. ×

You must be signed into an individual account to use this feature.