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Xiaohua Li, Liya Wang, Laurie Dustin, Qiucai Wei; Age Distribution of Various Corneal Diseases in China by Histopathological Examination of 3112 Surgical Specimens. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(5):3022-3028. doi: 10.1167/iovs.13-13805.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
To analyze the age distribution of corneal disease in China by histopathological examination.
A retrospective histopathological analysis of the prevalence and age distribution of corneal disease was performed on corneal specimens from 3112 patients who underwent corneal surgery between 2001 and 2012 in the Henan Eye Institute.
Infectious keratitis (2212 specimens, 71.08%) was the most common corneal disease. The distribution of age groups was significantly higher after age 30 (16.29%), reaching a peak by age 40 (22.04%) and remaining high until age 59 (21.05%, P < 0.01). The highest age-specific percentage of corneal infection was between the ages of 50 and 59 (83.21%, P < 0.01). Noninfectious corneal diseases occurred mainly in the age range of 10 to 19 years (42.47%) and 20 to 29 years (40.78%). Between the ages of 10 and 19, the leading pathologic diagnosis was keratoconus, accounting for 21.29% of cases. In patients aged 80 and older, the most common noninfectious corneal diseases were Terrien-marginal degeneration (8.33%) and Mooren's ulcer (4.17%). The highest incidence of corneal tumor was seen between the ages of 0 and 9 years (65.83%) and age 80 and older (45.86%; P < 0.01).
The age distribution of corneal diseases in the Chinese population is distinct from other countries. The corneal diseases tend to increase in prevalence in middle age, especially for infectious corneal disease. The prevalence of corneal tumor is high in early and late life. Corneal degenerative disease occurs predominately in seniors.
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