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Jose M. Larrosa, Elena Garcia-Martin, Maria P. Bambo, Juan Pinilla, Vicente Polo, Sofia Otin, Maria Satue, Raquel Herrero, Luis E. Pablo; Potential New Diagnostic Tool for Alzheimer's Disease Using a Linear Discriminant Function for Fourier Domain Optical Coherence Tomography. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2014;55(5):3043-3051. doi: https://doi.org/10.1167/iovs.13-13629.
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© ARVO (1962-2015); The Authors (2016-present)
We calculated and validated a linear discriminant function (LDF) for Fourier domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) to improve the diagnostic ability of retinal and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness parameters in the detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD).
We enrolled AD patients (n = 151) and age-matched, healthy subjects (n = 61). The Cirrus and Spectralis OCT systems were used to obtain retinal measurements and circumpapillary RNFL thickness for each participant. An LDF was calculated using all retinal and RNFL OCT measurements. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted and compared among the LDF and the standard parameters provided by OCT devices. Sensitivity and specificity were used to evaluate diagnostic performance. A validating set was used in an independent population to test the performance of the LDF.
The optimal function was calculated using the RNFL thickness provided by Spectralis OCT, using the 768 points registered during peripapillary scan acquisition (grouped to obtain 24 uniformly divided locations): 18.325 + 0.056 × (315°–330°) − 0.122 × (300°–315°) − 0.041 × (285°–300°) + 0.091 × (255°–270°) + 0.041 × (225°–240°) + 0.183 × (195°–210°) − 0.108 × (150°–165°) − 0.092 × (75°–90°) + 0.051 × (30°–45°). The largest area under the ROC curve was 0.967 for the LDF. At 95% fixed specificity, the LDF yielded the highest sensitivity values.
Measurements of RNFL thickness obtained with the Spectralis OCT device differentiated between healthy and AD individuals. Based on the area under the ROC curve, the LDF was a better predictor than any single parameter.
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